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### Browsing by Author "Serone, Marco"

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Item A Dark Matter Candidate from an Extra (Non-Universal) Dimension(2007-01-31T14:17:56Z) Regis, Marco; Serone, Marco; Ullio, Piero; Physics; Elementary Particle TheoryShow more We show that a recently constructed five-dimensional (5D) model with gauge-Higgs unification and explicit Lorentz symmetry breaking in the bulk, provides a natural dark matter candidate. This is the lightest Kaluza-Klein particle odd under a certain discrete Z_2 symmetry, which has been introduced to improve the naturalness of the model, and resembles KK-parity but is less constraining. The dark matter candidate is the first KK mode of a 5D gauge field and electroweak bounds force its mass above the TeV scale. Its pair annihilation rate is too small to guarantee the correct relic abundance; however coannihilations with colored particles greatly enhance the effective annihilation rate, leading to realistic relic densities.Show more Item The electroweak phase transition on orbifolds with gauge-Higgs unification(2005) Panico, Giuliano; Serone, Marco; Physics; Elementary Particle TheoryShow more The dynamics of five dimensional Wilson line phases at finite temperature is studied in the one-loop approximation. We show that at temperatures of order T ~ 1/L, where L is the length of the compact space, the gauge symmetry is always restored and the electroweak phase transition appears to be of first order. Particular attention is devoted to the study of a recently proposed five dimensional orbifold model (on S1/Z2) where theWilson line phase is identified with the Higgs field (gauge-Higgs unification). Interestingly enough, an estimate of the leading higher-loop "daisy" (or "ring") diagram contributions to the effective potential in a simple five dimensional model, seems to suggest that the electroweak phase transition can be studied in perturbation theory even for Higgs masses above the current experimental limit of 114 GeV. The transition is still of first order for such values of the Higgs mass. If large localized gauge kinetic terms are present, the transition might be strong enough to give baryogenesis at the electroweak transition.Show more Item Electroweak Symmetry Breaking and Precision Tests with a Fifth Dimension(2006-06-13T11:33:38Z) Panico, Giuliano; Serone, Marco; Wulzer, Andrea; Physics; Elementary Particle TheoryShow more We perform a complete study of flavour and CP conserving electroweak observables in a slight refinement of a recently proposed five--dimensional model on R^4XS^1/Z_2, where the Higgs is the internal component of a gauge field and the Lorentz symmetry is broken in the fifth dimension. Interestingly enough, the relevant corrections to the electroweak observables turn out to be of universal type and essentially depend only on the value of the Higgs mass and on the scale of new physics, in our case the compactification scale 1/R. The model passes all constraints for 1/R > 4.7 TeV at 90% C.L., with a moderate fine--tuning in the parameters. The Higgs mass turns out to be always smaller than 200 GeV although higher values would be allowed, due to a large correction to the T parameter. The lightest non-SM states in the model are typically colored fermions with a mass of order 1-2 TeV.Show more Item A model of electroweak symmetry breaking from a fifth dimension(2005) Panico, Giuliano; Serone, Marco; Wulzer, Andrea; Physics; Elementary Particle TheoryShow more We reconsider the idea of identifying the Higgs field as the internal component of a gauge field in the flat space [FORMULA] by relaxing the constraint of having unbroken SO(4,1) Lorentz symmetry in the bulk. In this way, we show that the main common problems of previous models of this sort, namely the prediction of a too light Higgs and top mass, as well as of a too low compactification scale, are all solved. We mainly focus our attention on a previously constructed model. We show how, with few minor modifications and by relaxing the requirement of SO(4,1) symmetry, a potentially realistic model can be obtained with a moderate tuning in the parameter space of the theory. In this model, the Higgs potential is stabilized and the hierarchy of fermion masses explained.Show more Item A Note on T-duality in Heterotic String Theory(2005) Serone, Marco; Trapletti, Michele; Physics; Elementary Particle TheoryShow more We revisit the T-duality transformation rules in heterotic string theory, pointing out that the chiral structure of the world-sheet leads to a modification of the standard Buscher's transformation rules. The simplest instance of such modifications arises for toroidal compactifications, which are rederived by analyzing a bosonized version of the heterotic world-sheet Lagrangian. Our study indicates that the usual heterotic toroidal T-duality rules naively extended to the curved case cannot be correct, leading in particular to an incorrect Bianchi identity for the field strength H of the Kalb-Ramond field B. We explicitly show this problem and provide a specific example of dual models where we are able to get new T-duality rules which, contrary to the standard ones, lead to a correct T-dual Bianchi identity for H to all orders in \alpha'.Show more Item On the Cut-off Estimate in Lifshitz Five Dimensional Field Theories(SISSA, 2012-05-28) Serone, Marco; Physics; Elementary Particle TheoryShow more We analyze if and to what extent the high energy behaviour of five-dimensional (5D) gauge theories can be improved by adding certain higher dimensional operators of "Lifshitz" type, without breaking the ordinary four-dimensional Lorentz symmetries. We show that the UV behaviour of the transverse gauge field polarizations can be improved by the Lifshitz operators, while the longitudinal polarizations get strongly coupled at energies lower than the ones in ordinary 5D theories, spoiling the usefulness of the construction in non-abelian gauge theories. We conclude that the improved behaviour as effective theories of the ordinary 5D models is not only related to locality and 5D gauge symmetries, but is a special property of the standard theories defined by the lowest dimensional operators.Show more